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雅思长难句分析,你能答对几个?

发表时间 2018年09月14日作者Fancy来源北京智赢

文章摘要
雅思长难句是学习的难点。对于难度较大的简单句,阅读的基本方法是确定句子的主、谓、宾,找出句子的主干,忽略其他的成分,将长句变成短句,将句型结构复杂的句子变成句型结构简单的句子。

雅思长难句是学习的难点。对于难度较大的简单句,阅读的基本方法是确定句子的主、谓、宾,找出句子的主干,忽略其他的成分,将长句变成短句,将句型结构复杂的句子变成句型结构简单的句子。下面我们一块来看几个句子:

 

1  Given that there is a living to be made at night, and given thatalternative daytime trades are thoroughly occupied, natural selection hasfavoured bats that make a go of the night-hunting trade.(C7T1P1)

 

分析:

a.此句主干:natural selection has favoured bats...

b. Given that..., and given that...考虑到,做状语。第一个that引导therebe句型从句,第二个that引导主系表结构的从句。

c.第三个 that引导定语从句修饰bats

 

参考译文:

鉴于有些生物要在夜间谋生,并且白天的猎物资源已经被占用了,自然选择最终使蝙蝠们在夜间捕猎行当里大显身手。

 

2  At various points in evolutionaryhistory, enterprisingindividuals within many different animal groups moved out onto the land,sometimes even to the most parched deserts, taking their own private seawaterwith them in blood and cellular fluids. (C9T1P3)

 

分析:

a.此句主干:enterprisingindividuals moved out onto the land是一个简单句, within manydifferent animal groups介词短语修饰individuals

b. At various points in evolutionaryhistory, 做时间状语放句首。

c. 现在分词短语taking their own private seawater...作伴随状语,使整句话变得复杂。

 

参考译文:

在进化史的不同时期,各个动物种群中都有一些有进取心的个体向陆地迁徙,有的甚至跑到了非常干旱的沙漠里,这些生物的血液与细胞里还存在着曾经所生活海域里的海水。

 

3    Although groups around the world have been searchingintermittently for three decades, it is only now that we have reach the levelof technology where we can make a determined attempt to search all nearby starsfor any sign of life.(C9T1P2)

 

分析:

a.此句主干: it isonly now that...其中that 引导主语从句

b.后面 where 引导定语从句修饰前面the level of technology

c. Although引导让步状语从句

 

参考译文:

虽然世界各地的团体已经断断续续地搜寻了三十年,然而直到现在,我们所达到的技术水平才允许我们下定决心去尝试搜寻附近所有生命迹象。


4     Second, we make a very conservative assumption that we arelooking for a life form that is pretty well like us, since if it differsradically from us we may well not recognise it as a life form, quite apart fromwhether we are able to communicate with it. 

 

分析:

a.此句主干: wemake a very conservative assumption that...这个that引导同位语从句修饰assumption

b.that is pretty well like us中 that引导定语从句修饰 a life form

c.if 引导条件状语从句

 

参考译文:

第二,我们保守地假定我们正在搜寻的生命形式和人类非常相似,如果完全不同,那么我们可能不会把它看作是一种生命形式,更不能说能否与它进行交流了。

 

上面就是给大家的几个例句分析,同学们平时要多加练习,做到看到一个长难句,就能迅速剥离出主干结构,这样做题速度就会提升起来。最后祝大家在考试中取得理想成绩!